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Limited Liability Company THE LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER 40 OF 2007 CONCERNING LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY BY THE GRACE OF ALMIGHTY GOD THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA Considering : a. that the national economy, which is implemented based on economic democracy with the principles of community, fair efficiency, sustainability, environmental awareness, independence, and safeguards for balanced progress and national economic unity, needs to be supported by a strong economic institutions in the context of creating prosperity for community; b. that in the context of increasing the national economic development and at the same time providing a strong foundation for the business world in facing the development of world economy and progress in science and technology in the coming globalization era, a support is needed to enact a law that regulates limited liability company which can assure the implementation of a conducive climate for the business world; c. that a limited liability company as one of the national economic development pillars, need to be given a legal ground in order to accelerate more of the national development composed as a mutual effort based on the principle of family spirit; d. that Law No. 1 of 1995 regarding Limited Liability Company is considered no longer in accordance with the legal developments and needs of society, so that it is deemed necessary to be replaced with a new law; e. that based on the consideration as referred to in letter a, letter b, letter c, and letter d, it is necessary to form a Law on Limited Liability Company ; In View of : Article 5 paragraph (1), Article 20, and Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia; With the unanimous approval of : THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE And THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA HAVING RESOLVED To stipulate : A LAW ON LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 In this law the following terms have the following meanings: 1. Limited Liability Company, hereinafter referred to as the Company, means a legal entity constitutes a capital alliance, established based on an agreement, in order to conduct business activities with the Company’s Authorized Capital divided into shares and which satisfies the requirements as stipulated in this Law, and it implementation regulations. 2. Company Organs means the General Meeting of Shareholders, the Board of Directors, and the Board of Commissioner. 3. Social and Environmental Responsibility means the commitment from Company to participate in the sustainable economic development, in order to increase the quality of life and environment, which will be valuable for the Company itself, the local community, and the society in general. 4. The General Meeting of Shareholders, hereinafter referred to as GMS, means the organ of the Company that has authority not given to the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners, within limits as stipulated in this Law, and/or the articles of association. 5. The Board of Directors means the organ of the Company that has the authority and full responsibility to manage the Company for the interest of the Company, in accordance with the purposes and objectives of the Company as well as to represent the Company, either in or out the court in accordance with the provisions of the articles of association. 6. The Board of Commissioners and the organ of the Company that has the responsibility to conduct a general and/or specific supervision , in accordance with the articles of association, as well as providing advice for Board of Directors. 7. Issuer means a Public Company or a Company which exercise a public offering to shares, in accordance with the provisions and legislations in the field of capital market. 8. Public Company means a Company which satisfies the criteria of numbers of shareholders numbers and amount of paid-up capital in accordance with the provisions and legislations in the field of capital market. 9. Merger means a legal action taken by one or more Companies in order to merge with another existing Company, which causes the transfer of assets and liabilities of the merging Companies by operation of law, to the surviving Company and thereafter the legal entity status of the merging Company ceases by operation of law. 10. Consolidation means a legal action taken by two or more Companies to consolidate themselves by establishing a new Company, which by operation of law obtains the assets and liabilities from the consolidating Companies, and the legal entity status of the consolidating Companies ceases by operation of law. 11. Acquisition means a legal action conducted by a legal entity or an individual to acquire the shares of the Company, resulting in the transfer of control of such Company. 12. Separation means a legal action taken by a Company in order to separate its businesses, which causes all assets and liabilities of the Company legally transferred to 2 (two) or more Companies, or part of the assets and liabilities of the Company legally transferred to 1 (one) or more Companies. 13. Registered Mail means a letter which is addressed to a recipient evidenced by a signed and the date receipt from the recipient. 14. Newspaper means a daily newspaper in Indonesian language with national circulation. 15. Day means a calendar day. 16. The minister means the minister whose tasks and responsibilities are in the field of law and human rights. Article 2 The Company must have a purpose and objective as well as business activities that do not conflict with the legislative regulations, public order, and/or morality. Article 3 (1) The Company’s Shareholders are not personally liable for agreements made on behalf of the Company, and are not liable for the Company’s losses in excess of their prospective shareholding. (2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) do not apply if : a. the requirements for the Company as a legal entity has not been or are not fulfilled; b. the relevant shareholders, either directly or indirectly, with bad faith, exploits the Company for their personal interest; c. the relevant shareholders are involved in illegal actions committed by the Company; or d. the relevant Shareholders, either directly or indirectly, illegally utilizes the assets of the Company, which result in the Company’s assets become insufficient to settle the Company’s debt. Article 4 This Law, the articles of association of the Company, and provisions of other legislations shall apply to the Company. Article 5 (1) The Company shall have a name and domicile within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, as determined in the articles of association. (2) The Company shall have a full address in accordance with its domicile. (3) In correspondences, announcements published by the Company, printed materials, and deeds to which the Company is a party, the name and full address of the Company must be mentioned. Article 6 The Company may be established within a limited period or unlimited period as stipulated in the articles of association. CHAPTER II THE ESTABLISHMENT, ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION AND AMENDMENTS OF ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, REGISTRY OF COMPANY AND ANNOUNCEMENTS Part 1 ESTABLISHMENT Article 7 (1) The Company shall be established by 2 (two) or more persons based on a notarial deed drawn up in Indonesian language. (2) Each founder of the Company is obliged to subscribe shares upon the establishment of the Company. (3) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) does not apply in the context of Consolidation. (4) The Company obtains legal entity status on the date of the issuance of Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity. (5) If after the Company obtains its legal entity status and the number of shareholders becomes less than 2 (two) persons, then within the period of not later than 6 (six) months as from such condition, the relevant shareholders is obliged to transfer part of their shares to other persons or the Company shall issue new shares to other persons. (6) In the event that the time period as referred to in paragraph (5) has exceeded, and there is still less than 2 (two) shareholders, the shareholders shall be personally liable for all agreements/legal relationship and the Company’s loss, and upon the request of the interested party, the District Court may wind up the Company. (7) The provision which requires the Company to be established by 2 (two) or more persons as referred to in paragraph (1), and the provision on paragraph (5), as well as paragraph (6) do not apply to : a. State Owned Limited Liability Company; or b. Companies managing security exchange, clearing house and underwriting, custodian and settlement institution, and other institutions regulated in the Law on Capital Market. Article 8 (1) The deed of establishment shall set forth articles of association and other information related to the Company’s establishment. (2) Other information as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain at least: a. full name, place and date of birth, occupation, residential, and nationality of the individual founder, or name, domicile, and full address, as well as the number and date of the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of legal entity founders of the Company; b. full name, place and date of birth, occupation, residential, and nationality of the first members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners to be appointed. c. the name of the shareholders who have subscribed the shares, detail of the number of shares, and nominal value of shares subscribed and paid-up. (3) In making the deed of establishment, the founder can be represented by other person by virtue of a Power of Attorney. Article 9 (1) In order to obtain the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4), the founders shall jointly submit an application through an electronic legal entity administration system information technology services to the Minister by filling up the form which shall contain at least the following : a. The name and domicile of the Company; b. The term of establishment of the Company; c. The purpose and objective as well as business activities of the Company; d. The amount of authorized capital, issued capital, and paid-up capital; e. full address of the Company. (2) Filling in the form as referred to in paragraph (1) must be preceded by the submission of the Company’s name. (3) In the case the founders do not submit the application themselves as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), the founder may only give power of attorney to a notary. (4) Further provisions regarding the procedure of submission and use of the Company’s name will be stipulated by Government Regulation. Article 10 (1) The application to obtain the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 9 paragraph (1), must be submitted to the Minister not later than 60 (sixty) days as of the signing date of the deed of establishment, complete with information on the supporting documents. (2) The provision regarding the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be stipulated by a Minister Regulation. (3) If the form as referred to in Article 9, paragraph (1) and the information on the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) is in accordance with the provisions of the legislations, the Minister shall directly declare electronically that there is no objection to the relevant application. (4) If the form format as referred to in Article 9 paragraph (1) and the information on the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) is not in accordance with the provisions of the legislations, the Minister shall directly notify electronically of the rejection and the reasons therefore. (5) Within the period not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the non-objection statement date as referred to in paragraph (3), the relevant applicant is obliged to physically submit an application letter with a supporting documents attached. (6) If all requirements as referred to in paragraph (5) have been fully fulfilled not later than 14 (fourteen) days, the Minister shall issue a decree regarding the ratification of the Company as a legal entity which is signed electronically. (7) If the requirements regarding the period and the completeness of the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (5) are not fulfilled, the Minister shall directly notify the matter to the applicant electronically, and the statement of no objection as referred to in paragraph (3) shall become null. (8) In the event that the statement of no objection is null, the applicant as referred to in paragraph (5) may re-submit an application in order to obtain the Decree from the Minister as referred to in Article 9, paragraph (1). (9) In the event that the application to obtain the Ministerial Decree is not submitted within the period as referred to in paragraph (1), the deed of establishment shall be void as from the lapse of such period and the Company which does not yet have legal entity status shall be dissolved by operation of law, and the settlement shall be conducted by the founders. (10) The provision on the period as referred to in paragraph (1), shall also apply for a re-submission. Article 11 Further provisions regarding submission of application to obtain the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4) for certain areas that do not yet have or cannot use electronic network, shall be regulated in a Ministerial Regulation. Article 12 (1) Legal actions relating to share ownership and to which payment is performed by a prospective founder prior the establishment of the Company, shall be stated in the deed of establishment. (2) In the event of legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are stated in a deed which is not an authentic deed, such deed shall be attached to the deed of establishment. (3) In the event of legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are stated in an authentic deed, the number, date and name as well as domicile of the Notary making such authentic deed shall be mentioned in the deed of establishment of the Company. (4) In the event that the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), (2), and (3) are not fulfilled, such legal actions shall not give rise to rights and obligations and shall not bind the Company. Article 13 (1) Legal acts performed by the prospective founders for the interest of a Company which is has not yet been established, shall bind the Company after the Company becomes a legal entity if the first GMS of the Company explicitly states that it accepts or takes over all rights and obligations arising from the legal acts conducted by the prospective founders or its attorney. (2) The first GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be conducted not later than 60 (sixty) days after the Company obtains the status of legal entity. (3) The resolution of the GMS as referred to in paragraph (2) is valid if the GMS is attended by the shareholders representing all shares with voting rights and the resolution is approved unanimously. (4) In the event that the GMS is not held within the period as referred to in paragraph (2), or the GMS is failed to adopt the resolution as referred to in paragraph (3), each prospective founder exercising such legal actions shall be personally liable to the consequences arising. (5) The GMS approval as referred to in paragraph (2) will not be necessary if such legal actions are performed or approved in writing by all prospective founders prior the establishment of the Company. Article 14 (1) Legal actions on behalf of the Company which has not yet obtained the status of legal entity, may only be performed by all members of the Board of Directors together with all founders, as well as all members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company, and they will all be jointly and severally liable for such legal actions. (2) In the event of such legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are performed by the founders on behalf of the Company which has not yet obtained the status of legal entity, the relevant founders shall be responsible for such legal actions and the legal actions shall not bind the Company. (3) The legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1), by operation of law shall be the responsibility of the Company after the Company becomes a legal entity. (4) The legal actions as referred to in paragraph (2) shall only be bound and shall be the responsibility of the Company after such legal actions are approved by all shareholders in the GMS attended by all shareholders of the Company. (5) GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) is the first GMS which must be held not later than 60 (sixty) days after the Company obtains its legal entity status. Part Two Articles of Association and Amendment of Articles of Association Paragraph 1 Articles of Association Article 15 (1) Articles of association as referred to in Article 8 paragraph (1) shall contain at least : a. The name and domicile of the Company; b. The purposes and objectives as well as the business activities of the Company; c. The period of incorporation of the Company; d. The amount of authorized capital, issued capital, and paid-up capital; e. The number of shares, shares classification if any, including the number of shares for each classification, the rights attached to each share, and nominal value of each share; f. The name of title or position and the number of members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners; g. The determination of the place and procedures for holding a GMS; h. The procedures of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners; i. The procedure for profit utilization and dividend distribution. (2) Apart from the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), the articles of association may also contain other provisions which do not conflict with this Law. (3) The articles of association may not contain: a. provisions concerning receipt of fixed interest on shares; or b. provisions concerning the grant of personal benefits to the founders or other parties. Article 16 (1) Companies may not use names which: a. have been legally used by another Company or are in principle the same as the name of another Company; b. conflict with public order and/or morality; c. are the same as or similar to names of state institutions, government institutions, or international institutions, except with the permission of those concerned; d. are not in accordance with the purpose and objective as well as business activities or only show the purpose and objective of the Company without its own name; e. consist of figures or series of figures, characters or series of characters which do not formed words. f. have the meaning as Company, legal entity, or civil association. (2) The name of the Company must be preceded by the phrase “Perseroan Terbatas” (Limited Liability Company) or the abbreviation “PT”. (3) In the case of a Public Company (Perseroan Terbuka), apart from the provisions referred to in paragraph (2) being applicable, the abbreviation “Tbk” shall be added at the end of the Company’s name. (4) Further provisions regarding the procedures for the use of Company names shall be stipulated by Government Regulation. Article 17 (1) The Company shall domicile in the city or regency within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia as stipulated in the articles of association. (2) The domicile referred to in paragraph (1) shall at the same time constitute the head office of the Company. Article 18 (1) The Company must have a purpose and objective as well as business activity which are stated in the articles of association of the Company and in accordance with the provisions of legislations. Paragraph 2 Amendments to the Articles of Association Article 19 (1) Amendments to the articles of association must be determined by a GMS. (2) Agenda on the amendments of the articles of association must be clearly stated in notice to a GMS. Article 20 (1) Amendments to the articles of association of a Company that has been declared bankrupt, cannot be conducted except with the approval from the curator. (2) The curator’s approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be attached in the application for approval and notification of amendments of the articles of association to the Minister. Article 21 (1) Certain amendments to the articles of association must have approval from the Minister. (2) Certain amendments of the articles of association as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain the following: a. name and/or domicile of the Company; b. purposes and objectives as well as business activities of the Company; c. period of incorporation of the Company; d. amount of Authorized Capital, e. reduction of issued and paid-up capital; and/or f. change of the status of the Company from private company to Issuer or otherwise. (3) Amendments of the articles of association other than as referred to in paragraph (2) are only need to be notified to the Minister. (4) The amendments to the articles of association as referred to in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3) shall be set forth or stated in the notarial deed and in Indonesian language. (5) Amendments to the articles of association not drawn up in a notarial deed of minutes of meeting, shall be drawn up in a notarial deed not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the date of resolution of the GMS. (6) An amendment to the articles of association may not be stated in a notarial deed upon the lapse of 30 (thirty) days as referred to in paragraph (5). (7) Application for approval of the amendment of articles of association as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be submitted to the Minister, not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the date of the notarial deed containing the amendments of the articles of association. (8) The provision as referred to in paragraph (7), apply mutatis mutandis for the notification of the amendment of article of association to the Minister. (9) After the lapse of 30 (thirty) days period as referred to in paragraph (7), the application for approval or the notification of the amendment of articles of association may not be submitted or delivered to the Minister. Article 22 (1) An application for approval of the amendment of articles of association regarding the extension of the period of incorporation of the Company as set forth in the articles of association, must be submitted to the Minister not later than 60 (sixty) days prior to the period of incorporation of the Company becomes expire. (2) The Minister shall provide his approval to application for the extension of the period of incorporation as referred to in paragraph (1) not later than the last date of the Company’s incorporation. Article 23 (1) Amendments to the articles of Association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2) shall take effect as of the issuance date of the Ministerial Decree regarding the approval of the amendment of articles of association. (2) Amendments to the articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (3) shall take effect as of the issuance date of receipt of notification by the Minister of the amendment articles of association. (3) The provisions as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) do not apply where this Law determines otherwise. Article 24 (1) The Company whose capital and number of shareholders fulfill the criteria of a Public Company in accordance with the provisions of the legislations in the field of capital market, is obliged to amend its articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2), letter f within the 30 (thirty) days period as of the fulfillment of the criteria. (2) The Board of Directors of the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) is obliged to submit a registration statement in accordance with the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market. Article 25 (1) Amendment to the articles of association regarding the change of the status of the Company from private Company to Issuer, shall take effect as of: a. The effective date of the registration statement submitted to the capital market supervisory agency for Public Company; or b. Implementation of a public offering by a Company who submits the registration statement to the capital market supervisory agency, in order to exercise a public offering of shares in accordance with the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market. (2) In the event the registration statement of the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a does not come into effect, or the Company that has submitted a registration statement as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b fails to implement the public offering of shares, the Company must amend its articles of association again within the period of 6 (six) months after the date of approval from the Minister. Article 26 Amendment to the articles of association made in the framework of Merger or Acquisition, shall take effect as of: a. The date of approval from the Minister; b. A later date determined in the approval of the Minister; or c. Date of the receipt of notification on the amendment of articles of association from the Minister, or a later date determined in the deed of Merger or the deed of Acquisition. Article 27 Application for approval on the amendment of articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2) will be rejected if : a. it is contrary to the provisions regarding the procedures of the amendment of the articles of association; b. the contents of the amendments are contrary with the provisions of legislations, public order, and/or morality; or c. there is any objection from the creditor to the GMS resolution regarding the reduction of capital. Article 28 The provisions regarding the procedures of application submission to obtain the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity, and the objections as referred to in Article 9, Article 10, and Article 11, shall apply mutatis mutandis to the submission of an application for the approval of the amendment of the articles of association and objections thereto. Part Three Company Registry and Announcement Paragraph 1 Company Registry Article 29 (1) Company Registry is implemented by the Minister. (2) Company Registry as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain data concerning the Company as follows : a. name and domicile, purposes and objectives as well as the business activities, period of incorporation, and capitalization; b. full address of the Company as referred to in Article 5; c. number and date of the deed of establishment and the Ministerial Decree regarding ratification of the Company as a legal entity as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4); d. number and date of deed of amendment of the articles of association, and approval from the Minister as referred to in Article 23 paragraph (1); e. number and date of deed of amendment of the articles of association, and the date of receipt of the notification by the Minister as referred to in Article 23 paragraph (2); f. name and domicile of the notary who made the deed of establishment and deed of amendment of the articles of association; g. full name and address of the shareholders, members of the Board of Directors, and members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company; h. number and date of deed of winding up, or number and date of the court ruling on the winding up of the Company which has been informed to the Minister; i. the expiry of the Company’s status as a legal entity; j. the balance sheet and profit and loss statement from the financial year concerned for the Company for which auditing is required. (3) Data of the Company as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be included into the Company Registry on the same date as the date of : a. the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity status, the approval for the amendment of the articles of association for which approval is necessary; b. receipt of notification of the amendments to the articles of association for which approval is not necessary; or c. receipt of notification of the amendments of the Company’s data which do not constitute amendments of the articles of association. (4) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) letter g, regarding full name and address of the shareholders of the Issuer, in accordance with the provisions of the legislations in the field of capital market. (5) Company Registry as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be open for public. (6) Further provisions regarding Company Registry shall be regulated in a Ministerial Regulation. Paragraph 2 Announcement Article 30 (1) The Minister shall announce in the Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia : a. The deed of establishment of the Company and the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4); b. The deed of amendment of the articles of association and the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (1); c. The deed of amendment of the articles of association, which notification has been received by the Minister. (2) Announcement as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be conducted by the Minister within the period not later than 14 (fourteen) days as of the issuance date of Ministerial Decree as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a and letter b, or as of the receipt of notification as referred to in paragraph (1) letter c. (3) Further provisions regarding the procedures of announcement shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the legislations. CHAPTER III CAPITAL AND SHARES Part One Capital Article 31 (1) Authorized Capital of the Company shall consist of total nominal value of shares. (2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) does not preclude the possibility of the legislative provisions in the field of capital market to regulate the Company’s capital to consist of shares without nominal value. Article 32 (1) Authorized capital of the Company shall be at least of Rp 50.000.000,00 (fifty million rupiah). (2) Laws that regulate certain business activities can determine the minimum amount of the Company’s capital which is higher than the provision of authorized capital as referred to in paragraph (1). (3) The change to the amount of authorized capital as referred to in paragraph (1), shall be stipulated with a Government Regulation. Article 33 (1) At least 25% (twenty five percent) of the authorized capital as referred to in Article 32 must be issued and paid-up in full. (2) The capital issued and paid-up in full as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be proven by a valid payment evidence. (3) Further issuance of shares at any time to increase the issued capital must be paid-up in full. Article 34 (1) Payment of shares capital may be made in the form of money and/or in other forms. (2) In the event that the share capital is paid up in some other forms as referred to in paragraph (1), the valuation on the share capital paid up shall be determined based on the reasonable value determined in accordance with the market price or by an independent expert. (3) Payment of share capital in the form of immovable asset must be announced in 1 (one) or more Newspapers within the period of 14 (fourteen) days after the signing of deed of establishment, or after the GMS resolves such payment of share. Article 35 (1) Shareholders and other creditors having receivables against the Company, may not set off their receivables against the payment obligation to pay up the share price they have subscribed, except with the approval from the GMS. (2) The receivables towards the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) that may be set off against the payment of share are receivables on claims towards the Company which arise out of : a. The Company has received the money or the surrender of tangible or intangible goods which have a monetary value. b. a party who becomes the guarantor of the Company’s debt has paid the Company’s debt in full, for the amount guaranteed; or c. The Company becomes the guarantor of a third party’s debt, and the Company has received benefits in the form of money or goods which have a monetary valued, which the Company has in fact directly or indirectly received. (3) The GMS resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be valid if it is conducted in accordance with the provisions regarding notice of meeting, quorum, and number of votes to amend the articles of association as referred to in this Law and/or the articles of association. Article 36 (1) The Company shall not be allowed to issue shares, either to be owned by the Company itself or other Company, which shares are directly or indirectly owned by the Company. (2) The prohibition on shares ownership as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not valid for shares ownership obtained based on transfer by operation of law, by grant, or by bequest. (3) The shares obtained as referred to in paragraph (2), must be transferred to other party not prohibited from owning the shares in the Company within the period of 1 (one) year after the date of transfer. (4) In the event that the other Company as referred to in paragraph (1) is a securities company, the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market shall apply. Part Two Capital Protection and the Company’s Assets Article 37 (1) The Company may buy back the shares which have issued under the following conditions : a. the buy back of shares shall not result in the net assets of the Company becomes less than the issued capital plus the statutory reserve that has been set aside; and b. the amount of nominal value of all shares buy back by the Company and the pledge of shares or the fiduciary security on shares held by the Company itself, and/or other Company which shares are directly or indirectly owned by the Company does not exceed 10% (ten percent) from the amount of issued capital in the Company, except otherwise regulated in the legislation in the field of capital markets. (2) The buy back of shares, either directly or indirectly, contrary with paragraph (1) is considered void by operation of law. (3) The Board of Directors shall be jointly and severally liable for the losses suffered by shareholders who have acted in good faith, resulting from the buy back which is void by operation of law as referred to in paragraph (2). (4) The shares buy backed by the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) may only be possessed by the Company for not more than 3 (three) years. Article 38 (1) The buy back of shares as referred to in Article 37 paragraph (1), or further transfer, may only be conducted based on approval from the GMS, except otherwise stated in the legislations in the field of capital markets. (2) The resolution of GMS containing the approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be valid if adopted in accordance with the provisions regarding notice of meeting, quorum, and approval on the number of votes to amend the articles of association as regulated in this Law and/or the articles of association. Article 39 (1) The GMS may deliver to the Board of Directors the authority to approve the implementation of the GMS resolution as referred to in Article 38 for the period of not more than 1 (one) year. (2) The grant of authorization as referred to in paragraph (1) may be extended each time for the same period. (3) The grant of authorization as referred to in paragraph (1) at any time can be revoked by the GMS. Article 40 (1) The shares possessed by the Company due to buy back, transfer by operation of law, grant or bequest, may not be used to cast votes in the GMS, and shall not be counted in determining the number of quorum which must be achieved in accordance with this Law and/or the articles of association. (2) The shares as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have no rights to receive dividend. Part Three Capital Increase Article 41 (1) The increase of the Company’s capital shall be conducted based on the approval of the GMS. (2) The GMS may transfer the authority to the Board of Commissioners in order to approve the implementation of the GMS resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) for the period of not more than 1 (one) year. (3) The transfer of authority as referred to paragraph (2) may at any time be revoked by the GMS. Article 42 (1) The resolution of the GMS for the increase of authorized capital shall be valid if adopted by taking into account the requirements of quorum and the number of votes in favor of for the amendment of the articles of association in accordance with the provisions of this Law herein and/or the articles of association. (2) The GMS resolution for the increase of issued and paid-up capital within the limits of the authorized capital shall be declared valid if the a quorum attending of more than ½ (one half) part of the total number of shares with voting rights and approved by more than ½ (one half) part of the total votes cast, unless larger number is determined in the articles of association. (3) The increase of capital as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be notified to the Minister to be recorded in the Company Registry. Article 43 (1) All shares issued for the increase of capital must first be offered to each shareholder in proportions to their share ownership for the same classification of shares. (2) In the event the shares which will be issued for the capital increase constitute a classification of shares which never been issued before, then all shareholders shall have the pre-emptive right to purchase such shares in accordance with the proportion of shares each of them owned. (3) The offer as referred to in paragraph (1) does not apply for the issuance of shares : a. Addressed to the employees of the Company; b. Addressed to bond holders and other securities which can be converted into shares, that were issued with the approval from the GMS; or c. conducted in the context of reorganization and/or restructuring with the approval from the GMS. (4) In the event that the shareholders as referred to in paragraph (1) do not exercise their rights to purchase and pay in full the purchased shares within the period of 14 (fourteen) days as of the offering date, the Company may offer the remaining unsubscribed shares to a third party. Part Four Capital Reduction Article 44 (1) The resolution of the GMS for the reduction of the Company’s capital shall be valid if adopted by taking into account the requirements of quorum provisions and the numbers of votes in favor for the amendments of the articles of association in accordance with this Law and/or the articles of association. (2) The Board of Directors is obliged to notify the resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) to all creditors by announcing it in 1 (one) or more Newspapers, within the period of not later than 7 (seven) days as of the date of the GMS resolution. Article 45 (1) Within the period of 60 (sixty) days as of the date of the announcement as referred to in Article 44 paragraph (2), the creditors may submit written objection to the resolution on the capital reduction , together with the reasons therefore to the Company , with a copy to the Minister. (2) Within the period of 30 (thirty) days as from the objection as referred to in paragraph (1) are received, the Company is obliged to provide written response to the objection received.. (3) In the event that the Company : a. rejects the objection or fail to provide a settlement that the creditors agree to within the period of 30 (thirty) days as of the date of receipt of the Company’s response; or b. fail to give any response within the period of 60 (sixty) days as of the date the objection is submitted by the Company, creditor may suit to the District Court whose jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company. Article 46 (1) The reduction of the capital of the Company constitutes the amendment of the articles of association which must have approval from the Minister. (2) The Minister’s approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be provided in the event that : a. there is no written objection from the creditors within the period as referred to in Article 45 paragraph (1); b. a settlement of the objection raised by the creditor is achieved; or c. the creditors’ suit is rejected by the District Court based on the judgment which has obtained absolute legal force. Article 47 (1) The resolution of GMS regarding the reduction of the issued and paid up capital of the Company shall be conducted by way of withdrawal of shares, or reducing the nominal value of the shares. (2) The withdrawal of shares as referred to in paragraph (1) may be carried out towards the shares which have been repurchased by the Company, or towards the shares having a classification which may be withdrawn. (3) The reduction in nominal value of the shares without repayment must be performed equally towards all shares from every classification of shares. (4) The equilibrium as referred to in paragraph (3) may be set aside subject to approval from all shareholders whose nominal values of shares are reduced. (5) In the event that there are more than 1 (one) share classification, the resolution of the GMS regarding the reduction of capital may only be adopted subject to prior approval from all shareholders from each share classification whose rights are damaged by the GMS resolution on such capital reduction. Part Five Shares Article 48 (1) The Company’s shares shall be issued under the name of their owners. (2) The terms and conditions of shares ownership may be set forth in the articles of association by taking into account the requirements as stipulated by a competent authority in accordance with the provisions of the legislations. (3) In the event that the terms and conditions of shares ownership as referred to in paragraph (2) have been determined and are not fulfilled, then the party obtaining the ownership of the shares cannot exercise rights as a shareholder, and the shares shall not be counted in any quorum that must be achieved in accordance with the provisions of this Law herein and/or the articles of association. Article 49 (1) The value of shares shall be stated in Rupiah. (2) Shares without nominal value may not be issued. (3) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not preclude the possibility for the arrangement of the issuance of shares without nominal value in the legislations in the field of capital markets. Article 50 (1) The Company’s Board of Directors is obliged to make and keep the shareholder register, which at least consist of : a. name and address of the shareholders; b. amount, number, date of shares acquisition held by the shareholders; and the classification in the event that more than one classification of shares has been issued; c. amount paid-up for each share; d. name and address of individual or legal entity having a pledge over the shares or as the fiduciary guarantee of the fiduciary over shares, and the acquisition date of pledge on share or registration date of the fiduciary security; e. description on the payment of shares in other form as referred to in Article 34 paragraph (2). (2) Apart from the shareholder register as referred to in paragraph (1), the Board of Directors is obliged to make and keep a special register containing information regarding the shares of the members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners, together with their families, in the Company and/or other Company, as well as the date the acquisition of such shares. (3) In the shareholder register and in the special register as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), every change of share ownership shall also be recorded. (4) The shareholder register and the special register as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), shall be made available in the domicile of the Company, so that they can be seen by the shareholders. (5) In the event that the legislations in the field of capital markets do not stipulate otherwise, the provision as referred to in paragraph (1), paragraph (3), and paragraph (4) shall also apply to the Issuer. Article 51 Shareholders shall be provided with the proof of shares ownership they own. Article 52 (1) Shares provide rights to their owners to : a. attend and cast vote in the GMS; b. receive dividend payment and the remainder or assets from liquidation; c. exercise other rights under this Law. (2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) shall take effect after the shares are recorded in the shareholder register under the name of the shareholders. (3) The provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), letter a and letter c, shall not apply for certain shares classification as stipulated in this Law. (4) Each share provides its owner indivisible right. (5) In the event that 1 (one) share is owned by more than 1 (one) person, the rights arising out of the shares shall be exercised by appointing 1 (one) person as their joint representative. Article 53 (1) Articles of association shall determine 1 (one) or more share classifications. (2) Each share in the same classification provides its holders the same rights. (3) In the event that there are more than 1 (one) share classification, the articles of association shall determine one of them as ordinary shares. (4) Share classifications as referred to in paragraph (3) are, among others: a. shares with voting right or without voting right; b. shares with special right to nominate member of the Board of Directors and/or member of the Board of Commissioners; c. shares which after a certain period of time will be withdrawn or exchanged with other shares classification; d. shares which provide rights to its owner to receive dividends firstly over the other shareholders from different shares classification for the distribution of dividend cumulatively or non-cumulatively; e. shares which provide rights to its owner to receive allocation of the remainder of the Company’s assets in liquidation firstly over the other shareholders with different shares classification. Article 54 (1) The articles of association may determine the fraction of the nominal value of share. (2) The holders of a fraction of the nominal value of shares shall not be granted individual voting rights, except the holder of a fraction of the nominal value of share, either severally or jointly with another holder of a fraction of nominal value of share having the same classification of shares, have a nominal value equal to 1 (one) nominal share from such classification. (3) The provision as referred to in Article 52 paragraph (4) and paragraph (5) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the holders of fractions of the nominal value of shares. Article 55 The articles of association of the Company shall determine the method of transfer of rights over shares in accordance with the provisions of the legislations. Article 56 (1) The transfer of rights over shares shall be conducted with a deed of transfer of right. (2) Deed of transfer of rights over shares as referred to in paragraph (1) or its copy shall be delivered to the Company in writing. (3) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to register the transfer of rights over shares, date, and day of the transfer in the shareholder register or the special register as referred to in Article 50 paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), and shall notify the change of the composition of shareholders to the Minister, to be recorded in the Company Registry, not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the registration date of the transfer of right. (4) In the event the notification as referred to in paragraph (3) has not been conducted, the Minister may reject the application for approval or the notification conducted based on the composition and the names of shareholders which have not yet been notified. (5) The provision regarding the procedures of transfer of rights over shares traded on the capital markets shall be regulated in the legislations in the field of capital markets. Article 57 (1) The articles of association may regulate requirements regarding the transfer of rights over share, as follows : a. The obligation to offer pre-emptive rights to the shareholders with a certain classification or to other shareholders; b. The obligation to obtain prior approval from the Company Organ; and/or c. The obligation to obtain prior approval from the authorized institutions in accordance with the provisions of the legislations. (2) The requirements as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not apply in the event of transfer of rights over shares are caused by the transfer of rights by operation of law, unless the mandatory approval as referred to in paragraph (1) letter c is related to inheritance. Article 58 (1) In the event that the articles of association requires the selling shareholders to first offer their shares to the shareholders of certain classification of shares, or to other shareholders, and within the period of 30 (thirty) days as from the offering date the shareholders do not purchase the shares, then the selling shareholders may offer and sell their shares to a third party. (2) Each selling shareholder who is required to offer its shares as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have the right to withdraw the offering after the lapse of 30 (thirty) days period as referred to in paragraph (1). (3) The obligation to offer to the shareholder of certain classification of shares, or to other shareholders as referred to in paragraph (1) shall only apply once. Article 59 (1) The granting of approval to the transfer of rights over shares which requires approval from the Company Organ or its rejection must be given in writing within a period of not more than 90 (ninety) days as of the date the Company Organ receives the request for approval of transfer of rights over shares. (2) In the event that the period as referred to in paragraph (1) has lapsed, and the Company Organ fails to provide a written statement, then the Company Organ shall be deemed to approve the transfer of rights over shares. (3) In the event that the transfer of rights over shares is approved by the Company Organ, the transfer of rights shall be conducted in accordance with the provision as referred to in Article 56, and shall be implemented within a period of not more than 90 (ninety) days as of the date on which the approval is given. Article 60 (1) Shares are movable objects and give the rights as referred to Article 52 to their owner. (2) Shares can be encumbered by way of pledge or fiduciary security, unless otherwise stipulated in the articles of association. (3) Pledge of shares or fiduciary security over shares registered in accordance with the provisions of legislations must be recorded in the shareholder register and special register as referred to in Article 50. (4) Voting rights on shares encumbered with pledge or fiduciary security shall remain with the shareholders. Article 61 (1) Each shareholder shall have the right to file a suit against the Company to the District Court if they suffer losses due the action of the Company which is considered to be unfair and unreasonable as a result of a resolution of the GMS, the Board of Directors, and/or the Board of Commissioners. (2) The suits as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the District Court which jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company. Article 62 (1) Each shareholder shall have the right to request the Company to purchase its shares with a reasonable price if the shareholder concerned does not agree with the action of the Company which harm the shareholders or the Company in the form of : a. amendments to the articles of association; b. the transfer or the encumbrance of the Company’s assets, having a nominal value of more than 50% (fifty percent) of the net assets of the Company; or c. Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation. (2) In the event that the shares requested to be purchased as referred to in paragraph (1) exceeds the limit of the buy back requirements by the Company as referred to in Article 37 paragraph (1) letter b, the Company is obliged to endeavor that the remaining shares be purchased by a third party. CHAPTER V WORK PLAN, ANNUAL REPORT, AND THE USE OF PROFITS Part One Work Plan Article 63 (1) The Board of Directors shall prepare an annual work plan prior to the commencement of the coming financial year. (2) The work plan as referred to in paragraph (1) shall also contain annual budget of the Company for the coming financial year. Article 64 (1) The work plan as referred to in Article 63 shall be delivered to the Board of Commissioners or the GMS as stated in the articles of association. (2) The articles of association may determine the work plan delivered by the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1) must obtain the approval from the Board of Commissioners or the GMS, unless determined otherwise in the legislations. (3) In the event that the articles of association determine that the work plan is subject to approval from the GMS, such work plan must first be reviewed by the Board of Commissioners. Article 65 (1) In the event that the Board of Directors fail to deliver the work plan as referred to in Article 64, the work plan from the previous year shall apply. (2) The work plan from the previous years hall also apply for the Company which work plan has not yet obtained approval as stated in the articles of association or the legislations. Part One Annual Report Article 66 (1) The Board of Directors shall submit an annual report to the GMS after it has been reviewed by the Board of Commissioners, no later than 6 (six) months after the Company’s accounting year ends. (2) The annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) shall at least contain the following : a. financial statement which at least consists of the current balance sheet of the latest accounting year in comparison with the previous accounting year, profit and loss statement from the relevant accounting year, cash flows, report on the equity changes, and the record on such financial statement; b. report on the Company’s activities; c. report on the implementation of Social and Environmental Responsibility; d. details on issues which occurs during the accounting year which is affecting the Company’s activities; e. report on supervisory duty that has been performed by the Board of Commissioners during the previous accounting year; f. name of the members of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners; g. salary and compensation for the members of Board of Directors, and salary or honorarium and compensation for the members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company for the previous year. (3) Financial statement as referred to in paragraph (2) letter a, shall be prepared based on the accounting standard. (4) The mandatory audited of Company’s balance sheet and relevant profit and loss statement as referred to in paragraph (2) letter as, shall be submitted to the Minister in accordance with the provision of the regulation. Article 67 (1) Annual report as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (1) shall be signed by all members of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners during their service period at the relevant accounting year, and it shall be provided in the Company’s office as of the date of notice for GMS in order to be examined by the shareholders. (2) In the event there are any member of the Board of Directors or Board of Commissioners who fails to sign the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1), such relevant member shall specify the reasons in writing, or such reason shall be specified by the Board of Directors in a separate letter attached to the annual report. (3) In the event there are any member of the Board of Directors or Board of Commissioners who fails both to sign the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) and to specify the reasons in writing, it shall be deemed that the relevant member has approved the annual report. Article 68 (1) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to submit the annual report of the Company to be audited by a public accountant if : a. the activities of the Company is to collect and/or to manage the community’s fund; b. The Company issues a debt acknowledgement letter to the public; c. The Company constitutes an Issuer; d. The Company constitutes a stated owned company; e. The Company owns assets and/or business with the minimum value of Rp 50.000.000.000,00 (fifty billion rupiah). f. It is obliged pursuant to the prevailing regulation. (2) In the event the obligations as referred to in paragraph (1) fail to be fulfilled, the financial statement shall not be ratified by the GMS. (3) The report on the audit result by the public accountant as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be submitted in writing to the GMS through the Board of Directors. (4) The Balance Sheet and profit and loss statement from the financial statement as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a, letter b, and letter c after having obtained approval from the GMS, shall be announced to public in 1 (one) Newspaper. (5) The announcement of Balance Sheet and profit and loss statement as referred to in paragraph (4) shall be performed no later than 7 (seven) days as of the date of ratification by the GMS.. (6) The reduction of the amount as referred to in paragraph (1) letter e, shall be further stipulated with a Government Regulation. Article 69 (1) The approval on annual report including the ratification of financial statement and the report on supervisory duty of the Board of Commissioners shall be performed by the GMS. (2) The resolution over the ratification on the financial statement and approval on the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be stipulated based on the provision as stated herein and/or the articles of association. (3) In the event that it is proven that the financial statement is inaccurate and incorrect, the members of the Board of Directors shall jointly or severally liable to the inflicted loss party. (4) The member of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners shall be fully discharged and released against any responsibility as referred to in paragraph (3) if it is proven that such condition is not resulted from their fault. Part Three Use of Net Earnings Article 70 (1) The Company shall be obliged to allocate a certain amount from the net earnings of each accounting year for reserve fund. (2) The obligation to allocate the reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) shall apply if the Company possesses a positive profit balance. (3) The allocation of net earnings as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be performed up to an amount of 20% (twenty percent) from issued and paid-up capital. (4) The reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) which has not yet reached the amount as referred to in paragraph (3) may only be utilized to cover the loss that can not be covered by other reserves. Article 71 (1) The use of net earnings including the amount of allocation for reserve fund as referred to in Article 70 paragraph (1) shall be determined by the GMS. (2) All net earnings after deduction for reserve fund as referred to in Article 70 paragraph (1) shall be distributed to the shareholders as dividend, except otherwise provided in the GMS. (3) The dividend as referred to in paragraph (2) can only be distributed if the Company possesses a positive profit balance. Article 72 (1) The Company may distribute interim dividend before the end of Company’s accounting book, as long as it is stipulated in the Company’s articles of association . (2) The distribution of interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (1) is applicable if the amount of the Company’s net assets shall not less than issued and paid-up capital plus reserve fund. (3) The distribution of interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not disrupt or cause the Company to become unable to fulfill its obligation to the creditors or disrupt the activities of the Company. (4) The distribution of interim dividend shall be determined based on the resolution of the Board of Directors after having obtained approval from the Board of Commissioners, with due observance to the provision as stated in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3). (5) In the event after the accounting year ends the Company has apparently inflicted with loss, the interim dividend that has been distributed shall be returned by the shareholders to the Company. (6) In the event the shareholders fails to return the interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (5), the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners shall be jointly or severally liable for the loss which inflicted by the Company. Article 73 (1) Dividend which are left unclaimed after 5 (five) years as of the stipulation date for the payment of the previous dividend, shall be included in a special reserve fund. (2) GMS shall stipulate the procedures to claim dividend which has been included into the special reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1). (3) The dividend which has been included into the special reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) and remains unclaimed within the period of 10 (ten) years, shall become the property of the Company. CHAPTER V SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY Article 74 (1) The Company having its business activities in the field of and/or related to natural resources, shall be obliged to perform its Social and Environmental Responsibility. (2) Social and Environmental Responsibility as referred to in paragraph (1) shall constitutes the obligation of the Company which is budgeted and calculated as the cost of the Company, implementation of which shall be performed with due observance to the appropriateness and fairness. (3) The Company which fails to perform its obligation as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be imposed with sanction in accordance with the provision of regulation. (4) Provision regarding Social and Environmental Responsibility shall be further regulated with a Government Regulation. CHAPTER VI GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS Article 75 (1) GMS has the authority which is not conferred to the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners, with due observance to the limitation as stipulated herein and/or the articles of association. (2) During the GMS, the shareholders shall have the right to receive explanation relating to the Company from the Board of Directors and/or the Board of Commissioners, as long as it is related to the agenda of such GMS, and shall not in contrary with the interest of the Company. (3) GMS concerning other agenda shall not be entitled to adopt any resolution, except all present and/or represented shareholders in the GMS agree with the proposed additional agenda. (4) Resolution on the additional agenda shall be approved unanimously. Article 76 (1) GMS shall be convened at the domicile of the Company or at a location of business activities of the Company as stipulated in the articles of association. (2) GMS of the Issuer may be convened at the domicile of the stock exchange where the Company’s shares are listed. (3) The location of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be located within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia. (4) If all shareholders are present and/or represented in the GMS, and they agree that the GMS to be performed with a certain agenda, GMS may be convened at any location with due observance to the provision as referred to in paragraph (3). (5) GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) may adopt a resolution if such resolution is approved unanimously. Article 77 (1) Other than the convention of GMS as referred to in Article 76, the GMS may also be convened by ways of teleconference, video conference, or other means of electronic which enables all of the GMS participant to see, hear, and participate directly in the meeting. (2) Requirement on quorum and adoption of resolution shall be as provided stipulated herein and/or as regulated in the Company’s articles of association. (3) The requirement as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be calculated based on the participation of the GMS participant as referred to in paragraph (1). (4) Every convention of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) is subject to minutes of meeting, the preparation of which shall be approved and signed by all GMS participant. Article 78 (1) GMS shall consist of annual GMS and other GMS. (2) Annual GMS shall be convened no later than 6 (six) months after the end of accounting year. (3) All documents from the annual report of the Company as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (2) shall be submitted in the annual GMS. (4) Other GMS may be convened any time as deemed necessary for the interest of the Company. Article 79 (1) The Board of Directors shall convene annual GMS as referred to in Article 78 paragraph (2), and other GMS as referred to in Article 78 paragraph (4) with prior notice for such GMS. (2) The convention of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) can be performed upon the request of : a. 1 (one) person or more shareholders jointly represent 1/10 (one tenth) or more of the total shares with legal voting right, except the articles of association stipulates a less number; or b. The Board of Commissioners. (3) The request as referred to in paragraph

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AEC Preparation: Examining Your Company Organization Effectiveness